Pisa and Its History

Writing about the history of Pisa before the year One Thousand is difficult. The only thing we know for sure is that the Etruscans, the mysterious people said to come from Lydia, today`s Turkey, settled especially in the northern part of Pisa`s historic centre, as testify the archaeological finds that have been brought to light in this area (sometimes by chance) since the mid of the 19th century.

The remains of some Pisan villas of Roman origin tells us that the town was a colony and a military base of the future capital town of Italy.

But it is between the 9th and the 13th centuries that this town in western Tuscany reached the peak of its glory.

Pisa was, in fact, one of the four Maritime Republics (together with Amalfi, Genoa and Venice), and before being defeated by Genoa in the battle of Meloria (1284) and conquered by Florence (1406), it expanded its (especially commercial) influence over Sardinia, Corsica, the Italian coast from southern Liguria to upper Latium, northern Africa and even the Middle East.

It is right in this period that the cornerstones for the Duomo, the Leaning Tower, the Baptistery and the Monumental Cemetery were laid (for more information over these four monuments, read the chapter dedicated to Piazza dei Miracoli).

Today, you can learn something about the history of the town by simply strolling among its palaces and villas, visiting the town hall and admiring its frescoed walls, walking along the narrow streets and in the squares of its four historic districts. Pisa has many stories to tell to its visitors!


Our most requested villas:
Villa Castiglioncello Villa sleeping 8+2 in Castiglioncello, in the province of Livorno, in Val di Cecina. Barbecue, Internet connection, air conditioning, wide garden, bicycles. The villa is just a few kilometres from the beach. Tennis club, riding stable and golf club nearby. More details
Farmhouse Buti Holiday farmhouse dating back to the 17th century in the medieval village of Buti, between Pisa and Lucca, a few kilometres from the beaches of Versilia. 8 sleeping accommodations, swimming pool, panoramic terrace. More details
Villa Casciana Holiday villa for rent in Lower Valdarno, between Pisa and Livorno, in Casciana Terme. 6/8 sleeping accommodations, swimming pool, air conditioning, barbecue equipment, hydromassage, satellite TV, Internet connection, tasting, cooking courses. SPAs nearby.
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Villa Chiara Holiday villa with annex in Chianni (Pisa), in Valdera. 16/19 sleeping accommodations, fenced swimming pool, sauna, hydromassage, Internet connection, private tennis court, children`s playground, bowl pitch. A few kilometres from Rosignano Solvay and its beaches; thermal bath nearby.
*Valid in some periods
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